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Citing & Referencing

In written academic work citing and referencing your sources is standard practice. A clear and consistent style is required.  There are many different styles of citing and referencing (Harvard, Chicago, and MLA etc.)  If you are not sure which style you should be using check with your lecturer.  You can download “Cite it Right” a UL guide to the Harvard style.

Why reference?

  • To show the reading you have done
  • To allow the person reading the document to locate the material you consulted and check quotes and data
  • To avoid being accused of plagiarism


Citing:  A reference made in the body of your document to a source of information

Reference list:  A list of all the sources you have cited placed at the end of your document. These should include the full information for your citations

Bibliography:   A list of all the references you have consulted, regardless of whether you cited them in your project, placed at the end of your document.


It is possible to organise your references using bibliographic management software. MIC provides access to Endnote which will allow you to manage your references.